Eczema On Hands 




Eczema is a skin condition in which the skin tends to develop a rash and becomes itchy, cracked, red in colour and dry. Also referred to as 'Atopic Dermatitis', eczema generally affects children but may be present in adulthood or later stages of life. This skin condition is found in both the male and female sexes equally irrespective of the ethnic background of an individual.

 eczema on hands

Hand Eczema
Eczema of the hand manifests itself mainly on the palms and soles and sometimes seems similsr to other medical skin conditions like allergic contact dermatitis or psoriasis. Hand eczema is non-communicable and quite commonly found amongst people.


Symptoms of this hand skin condition involve inflammation or crusting on the hands accompanied by pain and severe itching. Blisters may form followed by hard calluses and skin tearing. The affected person may face psychological trauma and fear of rejection due to the visibility of the illness on the hands. For no fault of the patient, he or she tends to feel shame during social interactons.


Hand eczema follows various patterns in accordance with its course, symptom appearance, severity of the condition and catalysts. Catalysts are factors that determine the degree of severity in Hand Eczema. The three main ones include over exposure and contact with water and other irritants also called cumulative-toxic stress, contact with different allergens (contact-allergenic) and atopic hand eczema which is believed to have a genetic role to it.


While diagnosing and identifying the types of Hand Eczema, medical practitioners condider the type of catalyst involved. The trigger to this condition and consequent skin-inflammation may be the diminishing of skin's protective abilities. Reasons for this may be excessive contact of the skin with water, over-exposure to skin irritating substances at home or workplace as in the case of people with professions like hairdressing and masonry, prolonged use of rubber gloves causing sweat etc.


When the hand eczema gets chronic, it qualifies as an occupational illness and needs to be referred to an occupational-dermatological specialist.


Treatment Of Hand Eczema
The less severe kind of hand eczema will heal soon following dermatological therapy and participation of the patient concerned. The therapy involves skin care advice, avoidance of catalysts and medicinal gels, salves or creams for topical application. Hand-baths are also given with moisture-rich substances to lessen itching and for softening the skin. Once the condition subsides, the therapy should continue as a preventive measure.


However, if the skin condition persists beyond three months or is recurring in nature it may require a dedicated and prolonged treatment for it will then be termed as a chronic case. Treatment of chronic cases involves Phototherapy. In this form of treatment the effected areas of the hand are exposed to radiation over a period of planned sessions. The treatment tends to have its side-effects, thus cannot be an option for continuously long treatments.


Some severe hand eczema cases may require systemic treatment with several preparations available for this in combination with antibiotics.
Patients of hand eczema need to monitor their condition and opt for the right treatment at the right time.



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